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Wi-Fi THEN AND NOW
1902 to 2008

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 Did Nathan B. Stubblefield, really invent the wireless telephone?
"Yes" --
says, Murray State University Professor, Dr. Ray Mofield, Ph.D. -- "Today we call it radio!" - MORE

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FEATURE STORY
• 02. 1876 - 1905
03.1905 - 1910
BYLINES
Why? Because "radio" or radius -- was just the "word" needed to create a single wireless telephone/telegrapy broadcast monopoly.

(Click here to get your free copy of Stubblefield's U.S. Wireless Telephone®™ Patent directly from the US Patent Office. Please follow instructions given)

THIS PAGE CONTENTS
Today, Stubblefield's Wireless Telephone®™ is called the Cell Phone, The Palm or The tv Handy™
More Research
Nathan B. Stubblefield
Patent - 1907 "Wireless Telephone®
Click For DSL Viewing
POTOMAC, Washington D.C. - - March 20th 2002 On The Web!
(Click here to get your free copy of Stubblefield's U.S. Wireless Telephone Patent directly from the US Patent Office. Please follow instructions given)
Radio Trust
Meet The Kentucky
"Big Six" of 1902

Radio Patent Information & Public Demonstrations

----Prove to yourself that Nathan B. Stubblefield invented the Wireless Radio Telephone that made it possible to broadcast and receive voice and music without wires from your Home, Automoble, Ships and from Trains. His "Smart Telephone" had the ability to connect to AT&T's land line telephone system, -- just as todays Cell Phones and Smart PDAs, (Personal Digital Assistant). See the Surf Radio / Kmozart MPEG-4 Demonstrations - August 2002.
---- Please note the horse carrage and telephone poles in the Patent drawing. At the time, there were no automobles. (Click Here or On Image To Get free copies of Stubblefields' 1908 Wireless Telephone Patent from the U.S. Patent Office)
MORE / PHOTO IMAGES


NBSPatent01ShipSpecs46w.jpg

Photo Photo of NBS with his Ship to Shore Wireless Radio Telephone Invention on the Barthodi. The worlds first SmartPhone - 1902 (Click here for 1907 RF WiFi PATENT = Nathan B. Stubblefield's Wireless Telephone Patent Application Filed Apr. 5, 1907, Serial No. 366,544 - Granted.May 12, 1908 - PATENT 887357 Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page - MORE DIRECT FROM PATENT OFFICE

2010/ImagesStub/StubDrawPatentAuto.jpgNATHAN B. STUBBLEFIELD WAS BORN IN
Murray, a small town in Kentucky, on November 22, 1860; he died on March 28, 1928, at the age of 68. From 1885 to 1913, Stubblefield invented, developed, manufactured and sold, both his wired mechanical telephone, and his wireless telephone systems through his own companies, partnerships or corporations he owned shares of stock in.
----- The companies included: NBS Enterprises, The Wireless Telephone Company of America, The Gehring-Fennell-Stubblefield Group, The Continental Wireless Tel.&Tel Company, The Collins Wireless Telephone Company, and Teléph-on-délgreen.
----- Stubblefield was one of the founding fathers of the Teléph-on-délgreen Industrial School, in Murray, Kentucky, now the campus of Murray State University.

THE FATHER OF RADIO WAS A WRITER'S PEN
If you question a grammar school student as to who invented "radio" or discovered Maxwell's "ether wind" theory, the student will most likely answer, Marconi. If the student is particularly bright he or she may include the inventor's first name, Guglielmo and his native land, Italy.

If you quiz a television producer of a documentary --
like Ken Burns, or many college professors or students with the same question, you will more than likely hear the names, James Clerk Maxwell, Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, David Sarnoff, Marconi, DeForest, Armstrong, GE, RCA or NBC as your answer.
-----Although all of these men and business entities did contribute enormously to the broad field of science, now called radio/television broadcasting, only Stubblefield can be said to have been first to demonstrate and patent the wireless telephone broadcasting/ receiving device that is linked to -- today's voice/music transmission.
----- Be assured, when both Stubblefield and Marconi were demonstrating and patenting their wireless telephone and telegraph transmiting devices, the word "RADIO" wasn't around at the time.

If you question the developers of the Apple iMac
and PC ilink,
as to who invented the capabilities that enables the computer to utilize firewire IE1340 and the Ethernet, maybe ----- just maybe . . . they might include the names of Stubblefield and Maxwell.
-----The iMac utilizes Stubblefield's groundless aerial and his "energized" electrolytic transmission concept, (firewire) -- and Maxwell's term "ether". The original Stubblefield wireless telephone patents of 1898 and 1908, describe in detail drawings, how an end user sitting in a "train", or riding in a "horse and buggy" or "sailing on a ship", could connect themselves to the world of wired wireless, to stream data, voice and music around the world -- via the copper telephone wire. Today we call it webcasting and the Internet.

Radio was invented by the stroke of a pen,
by the attorney of Lee DeForest. On February 28, 1907, he changed the name of DeForest Wireless Telephone & Telegraph Company, to DeForest Radio Telephone Company to create a single wireless telephone/telegrapy Radio monopoly. This action was obviously taken to confuse any legal claims of collusion and patent infringement with the Stubblefield Wireless Telephone Group, the United Wireless Telegraph, and with the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company.
----- Early day, 1900s -- "watered stock" scandals were no different than today's "Enron" and "Global Crossing" bookkeeping tricks, and the lawsuist against Microsoft, accusing them of antitrust violations. Nine states and various software firms i.e, Palm Inc., MicroSun, Dell, and Microsoft's PC archrival, Apple, are plaintiffs in the. U.S. District Court vs Microsoft, action, Judge Collen Koolar-Kotelly, residing.
-----The games played by the monopolistic "radio" narcissists during the years before World War I, did keep the Stubblefield version of the wireless telephone off the market for over 80 years. By 1918, various governments took total control of their nations wireless telephone industry, selecting choice startup company's i.e.; GE, NBC, RCA, BBC, the Marconi Company and AT&T -- to run and operate the single wired/wireless monopoly.

One can reflect those Wireless Radio Telephone/Telegraph
start-up years, with today's computer industry. Apple vs. Microsoft, Bill Gates vs. U.S. Government. It was Maj. George General Squire, of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, who encouraged Stubblefield to file his Wireless Telephone patent application in October, 1907, "as an improvement of his own 1898 electrolytic voice transmitter coil patent".
----- The application was approved by U.S. Patent Commissioner Allen. A year later, on May 5th, 1908, Stubblefield Received His All Purpose Wireless Telephone Patent, Number 887,357.

Because of these two patents, if any man was to be singled out,
as the "father" of wireless voice broadcasting, it would have to be Nathan B. Stubblefield, the first letter in SMART. Before (the SMART-DAAF Boys) came along, Marconi, Ambrose Fleming, Reginald Fessenden, Tesla, DeForest, Alexandersen, Armstrong, and Farnsworth, if you were to ask Stubblefield, "who discovered electromagnetic waves and who could describe how voice might have traveled through space", he would name Faraday/Curie; and for theory, Maxwell/Einstein.
----- There was probably not one Scientific Journal of his day he didn't have, for he collected them like some people collect the tabloid, "Inquirer", loaded with the events of today.

In Fact, Stubblefield was so infatuated
with the inventor of the day, he even named a few of his nine children after the ones that inspired him most in his pursuit to broadcast voice, wirelessly. Madam Curie, Sir Oliver Lodge, Tesla, Edison, Benjamin Franklin and even Alfonso Marconi, the brother of Guglielmo. He'd even nickname some of his Teléph-on-délgreen Industrial School students -- Faraday, Henry, Loomis, Maxwell, Preece, Branly, after the early day experimenters of the electromagnetic wave.

You must remember, Marconi
was just 18 years old when Stubblefield made his first 1892 voice demonstrations. When Hertz made his spark radio wave discoveries, in 1886, Stubblefield was sending electromagnetic signals in Murray, Kentucky. Hertz never lived long enough to send audible signals.

The facts are simple,
Stubblefield would have never given credit to Loomis, Marconi nor Hertz for wireless telephone radio broadcasting, because they never met his criteria for broadcasting voice and music. He stated many times, "that wireless telephony must: (1) utilize ether (radio) waves, (2) send non-coded sounds by speech or music; (3) and must be available and received by the general public on a day to day basis."

In 1882, what Loomis did to produce electricity, (sparks) -
from the atmosphere, Stubblefield produced electricity, (continuous) - from the earth. The earth's land-ground is always charged, and like the atmosphere, it could be considered a giant conductor; and in certain moist low-beds and crystal rock-bed areas, a giant capacitor, that discharges itself when exposed to certain conditions. That condition became Stubblefield's "secret" invention, which was patented 16 years later, on -- March 8, 1898, entitled, "Earth Battery". Since its invention the "ground cell" has been called the "earth cell"; "electrolyte battery"; "water battery" or "ground battery". Its patent number is 600,457.

His invention consisted of a small, bolt-shaped-like unit.
When copper is properly wound around the iron core stem of the unit, it becomes a "coil". The letters of patent explains that the electrical battery has for its object: to provide a novel and practical battery for generating electrical currents of sufficient forms for practical uses, and also providing means for generating not only a constant primary current but also an induced momentary secondary oscillating current.
----- Stubblefield later referred to these earth batteries as - "the bed rock of all my scientific research in "raidio" transmission, (1892) - of today. Without going into details, his batteries could perpetually run and operate a clock and small motor. Stubblefield's "electrolyte battery" - is the precursor for todays "firewire".

Stubblefield's Electrolytic
Detector, or Water Battery Patent

Edward Freeman, in his research of early
experimenters stated that -- Stubblefield made his first public demonstration of any kind in Murray in 1882, when he was just twenty-two years old. On this occasion Stubblefield placed a compass in a window above the Masonic Hall on the north side of the courthouse square in Murray. He then carefully descended to the street, and while doing so kept something well hidden beneath his coat. He dug a hole, slipped whatever apparatus he was holding into it, (the ground battery) - then covered it up. Shortly after a signal from Stubblefield, there was a distinct tremor of the compass needle, a slightly jarring vibration, and the needles spun crazily. However, people were not impressed with the demonstration that it was the electromagnetic waves emitted from Stubblefield's earth battery, that got power to spin the needle.

By 1885, Stubblefield Succeeded in sending voice
between 2 parallel antennas by utilizing the same principals as Henry and Loomis developed in sending damped signals; except, where they used a spark transmitter, he utilized an electric current dispersion system that emitted low-frequency undamped waves, produced by his electro-magnetic induction coil. It was limited in distance, but wireless or radio nevertheless; and he offered it to his telephone customers.

By 1890, Stubblefield discovered
there were several methods by which articulate speech could be transmitted between two given points without connecting wires, or wireless telephony, as it is was popularly termed at the time. He sent voice through space by modulating the continuous electromagnetic wave -- with a Berliner microphone, (the transmitter) - leading to the antenna.

1892 - First Wireless Telephone Broadcasting Demonstrations: (Voice) Nathan B. Stubblefield's first public "wireless telephone" demonstration was given in the town square of Murray, Kentucky, a radius of about one half mile. By connecting his telephone apparatus to his newly invented electrolytic coil earth battery -- that could transmit and detect continuous undamped electromagnetic waves, Stubblefield, using his grounded bare wired aerial system connected to a copper antenna placed on top of a pole -- was able to talk back and forth "without wires" to others with a like telephone, or broadcast voice and music to those listening through a mono-earphone piece. Rainey T. Wells, was one of the first persons to hear Stubblefield's wireless voice transmissions, in 1892.

To Send A Voice, said Stubblefield, in 1902,
AMONG THE MOST important methods are those operating: (1) by electro-magnetic induction; (2) by electric current dispersion, (wired); (3) by variation of a beam of light, (thermal); (4) by electro-static induction; and (5) by electro-magnetic waves; or (6) by a combination of all 5. The first and fifth methods, namely that of electro-magnetic induction and by electro-magnetic waves, were the simplest and easiest for Stubblefield to demonstrate to the layman on how the human voice could be transmitted and received through space, without connecting wires, "even though" he stated, "walls and other objects that obtruded the transmission, was standing in the way."

For best results, to maintain articulate voice quality,
he combined, early in 1890, methods 1, 2, 4 and 5 to transmit and receive articulate voice. He was the first to use a loudspeaker with his wireless. (Figure 01.20). During World I and II, the Army Signal Corps and AT&T called this combined system, the "Squier System" or "Wired Wireless". If one system was knocked out by the enemy, the other system would still operate.

1908 0512 - PATENT: Stubblefield Received His All Purpose - Wireless Telephone Patent, Number 887,357 Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. - (Patent Expires May 12, 1925)

Troy Cory-Stubblefield's, Smart-Daaf Boys All-In-One Dictionary, the U.S. Patent Office, TVI Magazine, Associated press, Reuters, and VRA's D-Diaries were used in compiling this report.
Respectfully, Josie Cory, TVI Publishing

3. Editor's Note /

For More Go To NBS 1925 to 1934
1925 - De Forest's 1908 Audion Patent Number Three, #879, 532 Covering The Device As A Detector, Expires.

1925 0512 - Patent Expires: Stubblefield's 1908 Radio Patent Expires, May 12, 1925.

For More Go To NBS 1928 0328 - DEATH OF NATHAN B. STUBBLEFIELD,
and the end of his dream, the National Broadcasting System, "The Inventor Of Radio" (Wireless Telephony) died in Murray, Kentucky on March 28, 1928. He is buried in the Bowman family cemetery, located in back of the Walston property, known as, 1619 N. 4th Street, Murray, KY.

MAXWELL'S ETHER THEORY DIES - November, 13, 1931. The one-hundredth anniversary of Clerk Maxwell's birth was marked by the scientific world "digging a grave for the theory of a luminiferous ether," but at the same time honoring Maxwell's mathematical genius.
1934 - Congress created the Federal Communications Commission in 1934.

4. Bylines

More About Stubblefield's Patents, and some of his wireless telephone associates, including, Gen. Squire
and A. Frederick Collins.


NBS100 TeleComunication Study - Regulatory Frequency Seizure

TheNBS100
Study of FCC
Executive
Summary
TimeLine
Gov. Control
Remedies
Legal Opinions
Content
Acknowledgements
The Movie
"Wireless"

TVI Magazine Updates By Scott B. Stubblefield
Original Timeline from
"
The SMART-DAAF BOYS"™
The Inventors of Radio and Television 1892-1931

More Stubblefield02 Research

More Articles • Converging News JULY 2007 / TeleCom BuyOuts, Spinoffs and Asset Seizure Boom

Respectfully Submitted
Josie Cory
Publisher/Editor TVI Magazine
 TVI Magazine, tviNews.net, YES90, Your Easy Search, Associated Press, Reuters, BBC, LA Times, NY Times, VRA's D-Diaries, Industry Press Releases, They Said It and SmartSearch were used in compiling and ascertaining this Yes90 news report.
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