2006/Images/back.gif100 - NBS100 Study - SMART90.com/NBSmacWhitepaper04.htm


• Excerpts From- "The White Paper of Time Constants in WiFi187 Electrical Circuitry"
By: Malcolm D. MacFarlane -

/ImagesCSnews/tvinewsTimeLine108w.jpg01. CONTENTS
02. TimeLine.
03. Editor's Notes
04. More Reference
05. WiFi Research
00. GoogleKudoAd

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 A WiFi187 Report - Part Four - TimeLine - RF History

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CONTENTS
• 02. TimeLine
03. Editor's Notes
More
ETHER WAVES & RF AERIAL COIL HOTSPOTS - 1860 to 2007

THIS PAGE CONTENTS
CLICK ANY YEAR BELOW FOR THIS PAGE CONTENTS

NBS100a / 1876 to 1887 - "The Morse Code and Bell System Land-lines
NBS100a / 1888 to 1904 - "The Land-lines converges with Wireless"
NBS100b / 1905 to 1910 - "The Wireless Patents"
NBS100c / 1910 to 1916 - "The Monopoly" /
NBS100d / 1916 to 1925 - "The World War & Regulatory Seizures /
NBS 1928 0328 - DEATH OF NATHAN B. STUBBLEFIELD,
NBS100e / 1925 to 1934 - "Radio Stations / FCC formed


Wireless Telephone™ (U.S. Patent No 887,357)
(Click here to get your free copy of Stubblefield's U.S. Wireless Telephone Patent directly from the US Patent
-

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1. The Original Electromagnetic
Wave Patent Holders
& Their Fate - 1898 - 1931

---- Notice to all major Wireless Telephone Companies and Wi-Fi Broadcasters. The Next Century of the Wireless Telephone is waiting for you! Get Ready for 2007 -- the 100th year of the Registration of the Wireless Telephone™ Patent and its Name
----Photos courtesy of Special Collections and Archives of the Stubblefield Wireless Trust and Murray State University. The Wireless Telephone and other marks © ® and ™ by the Stubblefield Family Fund. www.nbstubblefield.com / www.wirelesstelephone.org
----Stubblefield Wireless Telephone Trust
Nathan B. Stubblefield of Murray Kentucky- 1860-1928
Preserving the history of wireless voice transmission and the inventors of Radio and Television ©1892-2001
By Scott Stubblefield
TVI Magazine
"The SMART-DAAF BOYS"™
The Inventors of Radio and Television 1892-1931
Stubblefield
Marconi Ambrose Fleming Reginald Fessenden Tesla DeForest Armstrong Alexanderson Farnsworth
FOR PRIOR YEARS 1868 to 1926, End of NBS WiFi Patent AND YEARS OF SPECIAL WORLD EVENTS
TimeLine 1868 to 1881 - NBS100 Telecom FCC STUDY and TimeLine 1868 to 1881
CLICK For More Go To 1916 to 1934
1916 - PATENT EXPIRES: Thomas Edison's 1891 Patent For Antenna Wireless Telegraphy - Expires.
1917 - PATENT EXPIRES: Marconi's Famous 1900 Patent 7777 Expires, Ends The Prevention Of:
•1. Use Of Aerial And Ground.
• 2. Inductive Coupling To The Aerial And Ground Circuits.
• 3. Use of Tuning Coils to Obtain the Desired Wavelength.
• 4. Employed the Electrical Energy Of The Earth As A Battery.

1917 0406 - U.S. Declared War On Germany On April 6, 1917 - Tuckerton Station staff members were arrested and sent to a prisoner of war camp in Virginia. All Commercial And Amateur Wireless Stations Were Closed - or came under Navy control on April 7, 1917, when war was declared.
CLICK For More Go To NBS 1925 to 1934
1925 - De Forest's 1908 Audion Patent Number Three, #879, 532 Covering The Device As A Detector, Expires.
1925 0512 - Patent Expires: Stubblefield's 1908 Radio Patent Expires, May 12, 1925.
CLICK For More Go To NBS 1928 0328 - DEATH OF NATHAN B. STUBBLEFIELD,

(Excerpt from) "The SMART DAAF BOYS"™ / CLICK MORE ABOUT: Demonstration. See Photo.
• • Nine Years Before Marconi mastered sending --
Dit dahs in his back yard, and while DeForest was studying at Yale, as early as 1885, Nathan B. Stubblefield, the owner and inventor of his own telephone company; and telephone system; -- developed a way to transmit the voice by CW, as much as three miles-- by means of his patented "earth battery."
---- By allowing electricity to flow in one direction only, these little coils converted the very rapidly alternating radio-frequency wave into a series of pulses whose variations in strength, (amplitude) --were in the audio-frequency range to which earphones and the human ear could respond. By 1892, he was broadcasting voice -- and selling his receiver to his customers and local businesses. CLICK FOR MORE ABOUT NBS AND HIS LIFE AND STYLE.
02 / TimeLine - 1882 - 1931 / N.B. STUBBLEFIELD, and the original Smart-Daaf Boys their Patent Holders, Public Demonstrations, World Events & Their Fate.
1868 to 1881 CLICK FOR MORE NBS100 Telecom FCC STUDY and TimeLine
1882 - 01 Nathan B. Stubblefield demonstrated his ability to send a signal across the Murray Courthouse Square without wires. Note: Nathan's wireless signal moved the needle of a compass from north to south, to east-west, the area where Nathan was standing with his transmitter.
• 1882 - 03 Edison developed the first central electric light power station.
• 1882 - 05 Professor Amos E. Dolbear was able to send signals over a distance of a quarter of a mile without wires. Note that Prof. Amos Dolbear preceded Hertz and Marconi.
1885 - Grover Cleveland: 1885-1889.
1885 - From 1885 to 1913, Stubblefield invented, developed, manufactured and sold, both his wired mechanical telephone, and his wireless telephone systems through his own companies, partnerships or corporations he owned shares of stock in.
1885 - In 1885, Stubblefield reportedly succeeded in sending voice between two parallel antennas by utilizing the same principles Ward and Loomis developed in sending damped signals but via a low-frequency undamped electric wave dispersion system. It was limited in distance, but wireless (needs supporting citation).
1885 - The Stubblefield Coal-Oil-Lamp Lighter, Patent No. 329,864, dated November 3, 1885. Click to Go To U.S. Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. This was the first of four patents filed by the 25 year old, Nathan B. Stubblefield of Murray, Kentucky.
1885 - 1913 - The companies Stubblefield was involved in were the NBS Enterprises, The Wireless Telephone Company of America, The Gehring-Fennell-Stubblefield Group, The Continental Wireless Tel & Tel Company, The Collins Wireless Telephone Company, and Teléph-on-délgreen (citation needed).
1886 - Nine years before his contemporaries, Marconi, Tesla and Fessenden mastered sending Dit Dahs, (the Morse Code), Nathan Stubblefield was the patent holder and owner of his own telephone company, (1886).
1886 - Professor Amos Dolbear of Tufts College obtained a patent for an induction method of wireless telegraph.
1887 - German physicist Heinrich Hertz first discovers Radio Waves. He transmitted an electrical spark which was heard in a receiving circuit a few meters away, thus the term Hertzian Wave. Hertz demonstrated that the velocity of radio waves equaled the speed of light. The unit of frequency was named in his honor.
/ImagesNBS100/NBSv001888Patent108w.jpg1888 - The Stubblefield Mechanical Telephone Patent No. 378,183, February 21, 1888. Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. Nathan B. Stubblefield and Samuel Holcomb patents their mechanical "vibrating" telephone system. The first permanent mechanical telephone installation was in Murray, Kentucky to demonstrate and sell franchised telephone rights or territorial deeds around the United States.
/NBSv03vFranchiseDeed108w.jpg1889 - Larynogophone: Nathan B. Stubblefield - In 1889, Stubblefield developed what was to have been an improvement on his mechanical telephone, and he renamed the device the "Larynogophone." It was basically the original mechanical telephone but with a hearing tube and a bell added to his copper wired telephone system that emitted Sideband Electromagnetic Waves.
1892 - First Wireless Telephone Broadcasting Demonstrations: (Voice) Nathan B. Stubblefield's first public "wireless telephone" demonstration was given in the town square of Murray, Kentucky, a radius of about one half mile.
••• By connecting his telephone apparatus to his newly invented electrolytic coil earth battery -- he transmitted and detected continuous undamped electromagnetic waves, at a radius of about one half mile;
•••Using his grounded bare wired aerial system connected to his loop coil antenna, placed on top of his receiver -- he was able to talk back and forth "without wires" to others with a like telephone and loop antenna, or broadcast voice and music to those listening through a mono-earphone piece; (The so-called Hertzian Wave, was produced by coils that emitted sparks, and could not transmit voice signals).
•••Rainey T. Wells, who later became the founder and president of Murray State University, was one of the first persons to hear Stubblefield's wireless voice transmissions. Rainey became his assistant in the 1892 exhibit. The public exhibits demonstrated Nathan's;
•••• 1. Own Aerials;
•• • 2. Own Inductive Coupling To The Aerial And Ground Circuits;
•••• 3. Own Tuning Coils and Detectors, to Obtain the Desired Wavelength, and;
•• • 4. Employed his own power source emitted from the earth that acted both as a "hot spot" to transmit a continuous flow of electricity to power his transmitter signals through space, and as an unlimited supply of electricity that simulated a charged-up battery, ready to be used at will. *(See Footnote.) Ice House. *
1892 - The first permanent wireless telephone broadcasting installation was in January, 1892. The station was constructed in Murray, Kentucky, by Stubblefield's Teleph-on-del-green Industrial College, now the campus where Murray State University is located.
1894 - 02 The first permanent wired telephone exchange switchboard installation in Murray, Kentucky, was on February 12, 1894. The telephone service was constructed in Murray, Kentucky, by the Nathan Stubblefield Telephone Manufacturing Co., in the town square to work in conjunction with his wireless telephone operation.
1894 - Heinrich Hertz dies in January.
1893 - Bell Telephone patent expires.
1894 - The first permanent wired telephone exchange switchboard installation in Murray, Kentucky, was on February 12, 1892. The telephone service was constructed in Murray, Kentucky, by the Nathan Stubblefield's Telephone Manufacturing Co., on the town square to work in conjunction with his wireless telephone operation.
1895 - Wireless Telegraph Demonstration: (Dit dahs - no voice) Guglielmo Marconi - In the spring of 1895, what Nathan B. Stubblefield did with wireless voice transmission in 1892, Guglielmo Marconi did with dots and dashes utilizing damped electromagnetic waves emitted by his Ruhmkorff coils (see 1897). He discovered that his "black box" utilizing the Ruhmkorff coil, could send controlled messages, by touching two electrically charged wires together in a dit dah manner - over distances far greater than those from his villa to the garden -- distances which would travel more than a mile. It was Marconi's great basic invention. Like Stubblefield, he built an aerial -- an antenna which he connected to one side of the spark gap. (Hertz had merely used a horizontal rod ending in a plate). The aerial was a metal cylinder atop a pole. He connected the other side of the spark gap to a ground -- at first, a copper plate lying in the ground. The receiver also got an aerial and ground.
1897 0713 - Transmitting Electrical Signals by Ruhmkorff Coil Patent - (Dit Dahs, No Voice) - Guglielmo Marconi, Electromagnetic Spark Transmitting apparatus, was granted on July 13, 1897, United States Patent No. 586,193. Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. The apparatus could transmit damped electromagnetic waves, utilized a Ruhmkorff coil. (see - 1895). The first permanent wireless telegraph installation was constructed at The Needles on the Isle of Wight, Great Britain, by Marconi's wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd., in November 1897.
1898 - 0404 April. Newspaper demands WAR WITH SPAIN. The Hearst, New York Journal issued a million copy press run dedicated to the war in Cuba. The newspaper called for the immediate U.S. entry into war with Spain. "The war of the United States with Spain was very brief. Its results were many, startling, and of world-wide meaning." --Henry Cabot Lodge 19 March.
1898 - 0420 April - U.S. President William McKinley signed the Joint Resolution for war with Spain and the ultimatum was forwarded to Spain. Spanish Minister to the United States Luís Polo de Bernabé demanded his passport and, along with the personnel of the Legation, left Washington for Canada.
1898 - 0421 April - 21 April. The Spanish Government considered the U.S. Joint Resolution of April 20 a declaration of war. U.S. Minister in Madrid, General Steward L. Woodford received his passport before presenting the ultimatum by the United States.
NBSElecBat1898108w.jpg1898 0508 - Wireless Telephone Transmission Coil Patent - United States Patent No. 600,457, Granted May 8, 1898. Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. MORE STORY - PATENT WAS ISSUED TO STUBBLEFIELD FOR the ELECTROLYTIC COIL. The Patent was referred to as the: Electrolytic Water Battery, the Electrolytic Oscillating Coil, the Induction Coil, Earth Battery, Undamped Transmitting Coils, The Stubblefield Electrolytic Detector. Stubblefield's grounded bare wired Antenna System was part of his system to transmit continuous voice or telegraph signals without wires through a single aerial tower. The first permanent wireless telephone broadcasting installation in the world, (the precursor to AM Radio) -- was erected by Stubblefield's Teleph-on-del-green Industrial College, in January, 1892. The location is now part of Murray State University, Murray, Kentucky, U.S.A. The transmitter and receivers were usually placed 200 feet apart for demonstrations. The electromagnetic coils were also the precursor for today's "Firewire" and battery operated implants in today's world of broadband streaming video and electro/heartstimulus technology.
1899 04- In April the Spanish American War was over. The Queen regent of Spain, María Cristina, signed the Treaty of Paris, breaking the deadlock in the Spanish Cortes; Spanish forces at Baler, Philippine Islands, surrendered to U.S. in June.
1899 1110 - AMERICAN WIRELESS TELEPHONE & TELEGRAPH CO. - The First Wireless Telephone Company Established In America. The American Wireless Telephone & Telegraph Co., was incorporated under the laws of the territory of Arizona on November 10, 1899, with a capitalization of five million dollars. Dr. Gustav P. - Gehring Group Of Companies, was the founder.
1899 - 1230- The American Telephone And Telegraph Company - AT&T - Replaces The American Bell Telephone Company.
1900 - PATENT EXPIRES: Thomas A. Edison's 1883 Edison Effect Patent.
1900 - PATENT: Guglielmo Marconi Was Issued His Famous Patent 7777 - (Patent Expires In 1917) - England. (Note: Stubblefield's 1898 held patented rights For Electrolytic Ground Connections To Antenna).
1901 08 - Wireless Telegraph Co. Of America - August 8, 1901, New Jersey, Incorporated, $3.000. (A Gehring Company).
1901 12 - Marconi claims first Transatlantic telegraph signal (Dit Dahs), during private demonstration - Guglielmo Marconi, George Stephen Kemp and Percy Paget. - It was near noon on December 12, 1901, when Marconi himself heard the letter "S" being transmitted from a 10kw station at Poldhu, Cornwall, Great Britain to Signal Hill, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada. Note: Only Marconi heard the "S."
1902 01 - Stubblefield loved the celebrity of being the first man to broadcast (Voice-data). On January 1, 1902 21 days after the Marconi's "S" dit-dah was transmitted, Nathan held his second of four public wireless telephone demonstrations held in the U.S., --Stubblefield's first public wireless telephone demonstrations was in 1892, (see - 1892). The St. Louis Post Dispatch on Sunday, January 12, 1902 headlined the Stubblefield event as: "Kentucky Farmer Invents Wireless Telephone". The broadcast took place in the town square of Murray, Kentucky, utilizing Stubblefield's electrolytic grounded and groundless antenna system. The wireless telephone transmitter and receivers were placed 200 feet apart within a radius of about a mile and one half listening to the same voice broadcast. Marconi coined his messages: "etherograms,' and Stubblefield's as "etherotalk" messages."


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1902 03 - Stubblefield's - World's First Ship To Shore Radio Wireless Telephone Broadcast - Washington, D.C. Demonstration. On March 20, 1902, Stubblefield set up a demonstration on the Potomac River in Washington, utilizing his "groundless antenna" connected to the mast of the ship.
2006/ImagesStub/NBSBrochureInvest03bigsix1x.gif1902 - Stubblefield's Wireless Telephone Company Of America - Incorporation Papers - Filed In Prescott, Arizona, on May 22, 1902. Gehring, Stubblefield and Fennell, incorporated their new company in the State of Arizona, 75% of the Collins' Wireless Telephone Company was given to Stubblefield, for the patent rights in Canada.
1902 05 - Stubblefield's - Philadelphia Wireless Radio Telephone Demonstration - On May 30, 1902, just a little over two months after this Washington Demonstration, Stubblefield gave demonstrations of his wireless telephone in Philadelphia at the Belmont Mansion.
1902 06 - Stubblefield's Philadelphia Wireless Telephone Demonstration - On June 7, 1902, Stubblefield again demonstrated his apparatus in Philadelphia. This test took place on the banks of the Schuylkill River, from the Belmont Pumping Station To The Pennsylvania Railroad Bridge, a distance of about one and one half miles. -- Miller.
1902 0611 - Stubblefield's New York Demonstration - is held jointly with his Wireless Telephone Company Of America - to show case his newly designed aerial and speaker system apparatus In Battery Park, New York City. What is the Relevancy of Stubblefield's wireless telephone to the Internet? In this exhibit, again, one of the transmitters was connected directly to the local telephone company's switch board for mass party-line broadcasting.
1902 0702 - Ship To Ship Demonstration - Frederick Collins - on July 2, 1902, for Erie Railroad. Used the same Stubblefield Wireless Radio Telephone, Stubblefield used in the March 20th Potomac demonstration, utilizing Collins' marine designs.
1902 - July 19th 1902, Philippine War officially ended in the Philippines, with more than 4,200 U.S. soldiers, 20,000 Filipino soldiers, and 200,000 Filipino civilians dead.
1903 - Wright Brothers Orville and Wilbur, fly the first motor power-controlled, heavier-than-air plane at Kitty Hawk, N.C.; Maj. Squire, first passenger; Henry Ford organizes Ford Motor Company.
1903 0501- COLLINS MARINE WIRELESS TELEPHONE CO., THE - Formed in May 1903.
1903 12 11 - PATENT EXPIRES: Wireless Telegraph - Induction; Emerson Amos Dolbear's 1986 Wireless Telegraph- Induction Patent expires.
1904 0201 - Stubblefield 's Groundless All-in-One Radio System completed February, 1904.

1905 to 1910
1905 02 -AUDION PATENT Number One, #979,275, was Applied For On February 2, 1905 - By De Forest.
1905 - PATENT LAWS - Revised (1905, STATUTE: SEC. 4886).
1906 - 27 nations signed the International Wireless Telegraph Convention in Berlin.
1906 12 - Ship To Shore Christmas Eve Broadcast With GE Alternator (Christmas Eve) Reginald Fessenden and Ernst Alexanderson. Occurred the same year Tesla's Westinghouse patent for his 60-cycle electrical generator expired.
1907 0228 - THE FIRST RADIO STOCK CORPORATION. De Forest RADIO TELEPHONE COMPANY - On February 28, 1907 - the first Wireless Telephone company USING the new WORD "RADIO."
1907 0405 - Stubblefield In Washington. Nathan B. Stubblefield's Wireless Telephone Patent Application Filed Apr. 5, 1907, Serial No. 366,544 -Room 109. The first permanent wireless telephone broadcasting installation was in January, 1892. The station was constructed in Murray, Kentucky, by Stubblefield's Teleph-on-del-green Industrial College, on the campus where Murray State University is now located.
1907 0601 - June 1, 1907 - STUBBLEFIELD NBS PROSPECTUS - VALUABLE APPLICATIONS OF THIS INVENTION. As Cited In Our United States Patent Application.
1907 0607 - Private NBS Prospectus - June 7, 1907 - U.S. Army Signal Corps - Major Squier, Washington, D.C.
1907 1017 - Stubblefield Wireless Telephone Patent Application Approved by Commissioner Allen - Nathan B. Stubblefield - (Patent Expires October 17, 1924).
1908 12 - Antenna PATENT EXPIRES: Thomas A. Edison's Antenna - 1891 filed Wireless Telegraphy Patent Expires.
1908 0512 - PATENT: Stubblefield Received His All Purpose - Wireless Telephone Patent, Number 887,357 Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. - (US000 - 887357 Patent Expires May 12, 1925)
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1908 0218 - PATENT: Audion Patent Number Three, #879, 532 Covering The Device As A Detector - Was Issued On February 18, 1908, to De Forest.
1908 - 12 Antenna PATENT EXPIRES: Thomas A. Edison's Antenna - 1891 Wireless Telegraphy Patent Expires.
1909 - William H. Taft: President / 1909 - 1913.
1909 0615 - Stubblefield Assigns Canadian Patent To A. Frederick Collins, June 15, 1909. Collins assigns 75% of his old Collins Wireless Telephone Company Formed in 1903.
1909 - CONTINENTAL WIRELESS TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY, formed: Included six companies. (Wireless Telegraphy or Wireless Telephony): Incorporated December 1909 in Arizona For $5 million.
1909 0417 - STUBBLEFIELD'S CANADIAN PATENT Issued #114,737 - GRANTED TO STUBBLEFIELD - (Patent Expires in 1926).
1909 0615 - Stubblefield Assigns Canadian Patent To A. Frederick Collins, June 15, 1909. Collins assigns 75% of his old Collins Wireless Telephone Company Formed in 1903.
1909 - Marconi is awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.
1909 1114 - A. Frederick Collins - Electrical Show In Madison Square Garden, New York, Oct. 14, 1909 for the purpose of selling stock in the Collins Wireless Telephone Co.

2006/ImagesNBS100/NBScollinsWiFiAutoAD108w.jpg1910 to 1916
1910 - Mann-Elkins Act - Congress first vested federal regulatory authority over telephone services in the Interstate Commerce Commission, under this Act of 1910. This followed the practice of local franchising initiated by states and municipalities to control rates and service quality.
1911 - COLLINS INDICTED - December 1911. Four officers of the Continental Co. excepting Walter Massie were indicted for using the mails to defraud in selling worthless stock.
1911 - CONN LINN - RESIGNS FROM THE KENTUCKY SENATE, and leaves Murray Kentucky, for Oklahoma.
1911 - De Forest's RADIO TELEPHONE COMPANY - BANKRUPT IN 1911, when it expired owing to De Forest's inability to raise further funds.
1911 - 0101 -GEORGE O. SQUIER - PATENTS - (Patents Expire 1928) - All of his discoveries and inventions -- some shared with Stubblefield, worth millions -- were patented in the name of the people of the United States on January 1, 1911.
1911 05 -United Wireless Trial - May 17, 1911 - Bogart pleads guilty.
1911 0723 -United Wireless -Bankrupt. On July 23, 1911, United Wireless was adjudicated bankrupt in the Courts of Maine, and on September 15, 1911, Trustees in Bankruptcy were appointed.
1912 03 - A Warrant Was Served De Forest For His Arrest In March, 1912 - on a federal indictment charging him with use of the mails to defraud in connection with sales of stock in the most recent four of his radio telephone companies.
1912 0325 - United Wireless Co. - In March, 1912, United Wireless Pleaded No contest - and was taken over by the British Marconi Co. for the payment of $700,000. The company was immediately sold to American Marconi.
1912 0325 - MARCONI WIRELESS TELEGRAPH CO. VS. UNITED WIRELESS TELEGRAPH CO. - Creates a Merger .
1912 1210 - PATENT: Stubblefield Flying Machines U.S. Patent, #1046895, December 10, 1912; Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. Letters Patent granted Stubblefield for 17 years from December 10, 1912 (expired Dec. 10, 1929).
1913 - The "Kingsbury Commitment." - American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) began buying up rivals. But AT&T's acquisitions troubled federal authorities, which began considering antitrust action. This prompted AT&T's company officials to propose, a self-serving anti-monopoly unit, that subsequently became known as the "Kingsbury Commitment." On December 19, 1913, AT&T agreed to sell $30 million of its Western Union stock and to allow competitors to interconnect with its network. The company also pledged that for every new local system acquired, it would sell an equal share of lines to rivals. The Kingsbury Commitment was wholly in keeping with the monopolizing of both wired and wireless strategy of AT&T; and the preserving of consumer confidence by the use of Takeovers; Buyouts; and mergers of troubled competitive "look-a-Likes".
1913 - Collins And Four Officers - Convicted On All Five Counts For Stock Fraud. Three were fined and sentenced on January 10, 1913, to prison terms of up to four years. (Please see 1911, Continental).
1913 - COLLINS WIRELESS TELEPHONE COMPANY - Dissolves.
1913 - PATENT EXPIRES: Nikola Tesla's 1896 Synchronous And Non-synchronous Rotary Gaps Patent Expires.
1913 07 - De Forest Sells Audion Patent Rights To AT&T - For $50,000.
1913 1230 - De Forest - Fraud Trial Of DeForest Ends - Darby and De Forest: nolle prosequi, meaning that the charges had been dropped.
1914 - PATENT EXPIRES: Marconi's 1897 Wireless Telegraphy Patent (First Patent) Expires.
1915 - AT&T - SQUIRE - Single Sideband - The original development of single sideband came about because of certain limitations in radio telephone circuits. Experiments were first conducted by Nathan B. Stubblefield and Major Squire in 1908, and then Squire and John R. Carson of the Bell Research and Development Labs, and the American Telephone & Telegraph Company in 1915.
1915 0508 - PATENT EXPIRES: Patent For Stubblefield's Electrolyte Battery And Radio Voice Detector And Transmitter, (Wireless Telephone) Expires.

03 Editor's TimeLine & Patent Notes --
For More Go To 1916 to 1917
1916 - PATENT EXPIRES: Thomas Edison's 1891 Patent For Antenna Wireless Telegraphy - Expires.
1917 - PATENT EXPIRES: Marconi's Famous 1900 Patent 7777 Expires, Ends The Prevention Of:
•1. Use Of Aerial And Ground.
• 2. Inductive Coupling To The Aerial And Ground Circuits.
• 3. Use of Tuning Coils to Obtain the Desired Wavelength.
• 4. Employed the Electrical Energy Of The Earth As A Battery.

1917 0406 - U.S. Declared War On Germany On April 6, 1917 - Tuckerton Station staff members were arrested and sent to a prisoner of war camp in Virginia. All Commercial And Amateur Wireless Stations Were Closed - or came under Navy control on April 7, 1917, when war was declared.
For More Go To NBS 1925 to 1927
1925 - De Forest's 1908 Audion Patent Number Three, #879, 532 Covering The Device As A Detector, Expires.
1925 0512 - Patent Expires: Stubblefield's 1908 Radio Patent Expires, May 12, 1925.

For More Go To NBS 1928 0328 - DEATH OF NATHAN B. STUBBLEFIELD,
and the end of his dream, the National Broadcasting System, "The Inventor Of Radio" (Wireless Telephony) died in Murray, Kentucky on March 28, 1928. He is buried in the Bowman family cemetery, located in back of the Walston property, known as, 1619 N. 4th Street, Murray, KY.

MAXWELL'S ETHER THEORY DIES - November, 13, 1931. The one-hundredth anniversary of Clerk Maxwell's birth was marked by the scientific world "digging a grave for the theory of a luminiferous ether," but at the same time honoring Maxwell's mathematical genius.
1934 - Congress created the Federal Communications Commission in 1934.
-- Patent Notes: It is now assumed, that after his public demonstrations in 1892 and 1902, in Murray, Kentucky and later on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C., the SMART-DAAF BOYS and the rest of the world would have become aware of his feats -- to send voice without the use of wires.
---- The radio voice demonstrations made by Stubblefield, were made 14 years before Alexanderson and Fessenden's, 1906 radio demonstration. Stubblefield used his electrolytic transmitting and detector devices, (his ground batteries) to relay -- his radio signal, as Fessenden did with his own "exciters" -- and AT&T did with Maj. Gen. Squier's multiplex, wired wireless system and 29 relay stations, (Please see Figure 3.19). Stubblefield ran his largest transmitter at approximately 250 meters.
---- At times, to extend the distance of his broadcast, he would secretly bury a string of his "earth" ground electrolytic transmitter/detectors -- to relay his signals. In short, he was modulating the ground's electrical potential, changing it from an electrical "sinkhole" -- to an electrical transmitting source as an engineer would do at any modern-day, AM transmitter antenna site.
• • Before his 1908, "All-in-One" patent was issued, (that granted him the rights for both Hi-frequency and Wired Wireless or Guided-wave system for the use of broadcasting to all moving vehicles, ships and trains) - he was asked to describe the differences in his transmitting stationary aerial; the horizontal aerial having its opposite stretches or sides extending along the opposite sides of the path of travel of the vehicle; and the loop antenna coil attached to the vehicle - from other patents.
---- He simple explained to the patent examiners of the impossibilities to broadcast radio waves with their coils, because, as he put it, they did not have the proper wire, and would have died from "high frequency kickback". High frequency quickly heats insulation. [Editors Note: A microwave oven works on the same principle. In a few minutes, the insulation inside the generator or coil grew so hot, that the coils caught fire.]
• • What saved the day in the granting of the patent on his 1908 wireless telegraphy system, was the transmission coil described in his 10- year-old, 1898 "earth battery" patent. It should be also noted, that Stubblefield's, loop "antenna" was covered within the patent. The loop antenna was designed to be used with radios installed in moving vehicles that could not be grounded, such as: airplanes, ships and automobiles.
---- Residents and customers of Stubblefield's telephone company, in the small town of Murray, used similar wireless equipment in their business telephone service and wireless burglar alarm systems -- installed by Stubblefield since 1895.
---- The United States Army and AT&T first used the combined system during World War I, to guarantee articulate voice reception; if the transmitting aerial was knocked out, the wired wireless system would continue to operate until the aerial could be repaired.
• • The First Wireless Telephone Company to commercially exploit the invention, was established in 1902, and folded in 1927. Stubblefield became a stock holder, officer and director of the Wireless Telephone Company of America.
---- It is obvious his demonstrations in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., created more interest in the device from the SMART-DAAF BOYS and stock promoters, than history books. Yet it is here that we realize that the following SMART-DAAF BOYS were the ones that perfected Stubblefield's basic principles of AM radio broadcasting, as we know it today.
• • MAXWELL'S ETHER THEORY DIES - November, 13, 1931. The one-hundredth anniversary of Clerk Maxwell's birth was marked by the scientific world "digging a grave for the theory of a luminiferous ether," but at the same time honoring Maxwell's mathematical genius.

4. Related NBS100 Study Group TimeLines
1770 to 1799 - "Domain Name Symbol and EMF
1800 to 1859 - "The 19th Century" - "Louisiana Purchase" / Radium Pitchblende Soils
1860 to 1869 / "Civil War"
1870 to 1879 / "The TeleCom Learning years, Dolbear"
1880 to 1889 / "Tesla, Stubblefield first Patents"
1890 to 1899 - "Induction, Coil Antenna Converges with Wi-Fi"
1900 to 1904 - "The 20th Century" - The Wireless Telephone™ Demonstrations
1905 to 1909 - "PATENTS: Wi-Fi Vehicle Patents"
1910 to 1914 - "The Wireless Telephone™ Radio EMF Monopoly"
1915 to 1919 - "Radio Frequency Controls/ Sedition Laws"
1920 to 1929 - "Radio Frequency Controls and Sales"
1930 to 1939 - "Radio Frequency Controls/ FCC"
1940 to 1949 - "World War II Years on RF and Electricity"
1950 to 1959 - "First Artificial Satellite"
1960 to 1969 - "Moon Walk and First Electronic Telephone Switch"
1970 to 1979 - "Super Satellite TV Nationwide"
1980 to 1994 - "WNBS LookRadio/ Open Door Policy"
1995 to 1999 - "The Internet" "VATS Webcasting"
2000 - "The New 21st Century"
2001 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years-
2002 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years"
2003 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years"
2004 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years"
2005 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years"
2006 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years"
2007 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years"
2008 - "The Google/ Yahoo/ LookRadio Years"
CHINA EXPO TIMELINE

Warner Bros. Timeline

NBS100 TeleCommunication Study - Regulatory Frequency Seizure
NBS100 Study - ORIGINAL TEXT FROM NBS - 1908 Patent / Break It Down

TheNBS100
Study of FCC
Executive
Summary
TimeLine
Gov. Control
Remedies
Legal Opinions
Content
Acknowledgments
The Movie
"Wireless"

Notice to all major Wireless Telephone Companies and Wi-Fi Broadcasters. The Next Century of the Wireless Telephone is waiting for you! Get Ready for 2007 -- the 100th year of the Registration of the Wireless Telephone Patent and its Name.
Photos courtesy of Special Collections and Archives of the Stubblefield Wireless Trust and Murray State University. The Wireless Telephone and other marks © ® and ™ by the Stubblefield Family Fund. www.nbstubblefield.com / www.wirelesstelephone.org

StubblefieldMarconiAmbrose FlemingReginald Fessenden
TeslaDeForestArmstrongAlexanderson
Farnsworth

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NBStubblefield 04

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NBS100 Demonstrations
1931 - COLLINS RADIO FORMED - Arthur's father, M. H. Collins, sold his &endash; Cedar Rapids, Collins Farms Company, to an east coast insurance company. Seeing the future of radio, he used the money to invest in his, 23-year old sons, radio hobby. They set up a shop in the basement of Arthur and Margaret's home at 1620 6th Avenue S.E., previously the home of M. H. Collins' parents; and they all began producing transmitters to order, and later sold out to never disclosed parties during world war II, in California.

MAXWELL'S ETHER THEORY DIES - November, 13, 1931. The one-hundredth anniversary of Clerk Maxwell's birth was marked by the scientific world "digging a grave for the theory of a luminiferous ether," but at the same time honoring Maxwell's mathematical genius.

• 5. DID AL GORE INVENT THE INTERNET?
••• In 1996, sixty-two years after Congress created the Federal Communications Commission, (FCC) in 1934, Congress created the Telecommunications Act of 1996, which successfully rewrote the Act of 1934.
••• "In a way, when Vice-president, Al Gore was bragging that it was he who invented the Internet, he was right on; said MacFarlane, "he made it happen." The bill rewrote all of the prior Acts of Congress dating from 1910 to 1934, including the "Kingsbury
••• It was in 1898, that the 38-year-old, Nathan, his wife, Ada Mae and Clarissa Jones-Stubblefield, his stepmother, established the NBS Industrial School campus at Murray to train telephone related installers. The "Teléph-on-délgreen," campus was established in 1907 to advance his
••• Troy is the co-founder of several NBS related campuses; Vine Street Video Center, The Rosemont FiWi Internet Center, and the WNBS- LookRadio campus, located in Hollywood, Pasadena, and Murray, Kentucky. (Troy is the son of Oliver Ray Jack Stubblefield, and Priscilla Alden Stubblefield).

4. How Will The FCC Settle the Regulatory Problem?
••• When the $27-Billion Dollar amount collected finally became part of a public record, the NBS Family Trust filed its claim with the FCC. For the record, - CLICK FOR MORE STORY - Read the NBS100 Regulatory Seizure Study and the FCC/Portz Story.
••• As for 1931, "that's the year when Clerk Maxwell's Ether theory was bleached by the Radio industry and hi-tech publications," said MacFarlane in his NBS100, "white paper." November 13, 1931, marked the one-hundredth anniversary of Clerk Maxwell's birth, and the date the scientific world, "dug the grave for Maxwell's theory of ether waves."
5. NBS100 Review WiFi / Land-lines
To Send A Voice, said Stubblefield, in 1902,
More About Stubblefield's Patents, and some of his wireless telephone associates, including, Gen. Squire
and A. Frederick Collins.

Radio Patent Information & Public Demonstrations

----Prove to yourself that Nathan B. Stubblefield invented the Wireless Radio Telephone that made it possible to broadcast and receive voice and music without wires from your Home, Automobile, Ships and from Trains. His "Smart Telephone" had the ability to connect to AT&T's land line telephone system, -- just as today's Cell Phones and Smart PDAs, (Personal Digital Assistant). See the Surf Radio / K-Mozart MPEG-4 Demonstrations - August 2002.
---- Please note the horse carriage and telephone poles in the Patent drawing. At the time, there were no automobiles. (Click Here or On Image To Get free copies of Stubblefield's 1908 Wireless Telephone Patent from the U.S. Patent Office)

More Articles • Converging News AUGUST 2007 / TeleCom BuyOuts, Spinoffs and Asset Seizure Boom

Respectfully Submitted
Josie Cory
Publisher/Editor TVI Magazine
 TVI Magazine, tviNews.net, YES90, Your Easy Search, Associated Press, Reuters, BBC, LA Times, NY Times, VRA's D-Diaries, Industry Press Releases, They Said It and SmartSearch were used in compiling and ascertaining this Yes90 news report.
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